Protocols for Farms
Transportation and Access to Farms & Greenhouses
- Prevent drivers and workers who show symptoms [sneezing and coughing, or who have a high temperature (38C or above)] from using vehicles.
- Provide hand sanitizers and sanitary papers in the passenger compartment.
Entry to the farms:
- Measure the temperature of all workers at the entrances daily and not allow any worker whose temperature exceeds [38C] to enter the farm.
- Use separate entry and exit gates, whenever possible.
- Use floor stickers to maintain the recommended physical distancing [1.5 meters] at entrances.
At Farms and Greenhouses
Site management and staff:
- Field workers must wear gloves and cloth masks at all times at the farm and avoid touching their mouth, nose and eyes while wearing gloves.
- Greenhouse workers and crop cultivation workers must adhere to wearing cloth masks, gloves, face shields/goggles and protective jackets at all times.
- Set paths for the movement of workers in agricultural fields (such as, movement between the rows of crops in the field, establishing paths, and placing points for collecting products to and from the field) to avoid workers meeting with each other closely when passing through, and forcing them to shout out or alert before entering a common space such as a workshop or barn.
Farm Hardware and Equipment:
- Urge the use of automated processes instead of manual processes, wherever possible.
- Prevent worker from sharing their personal tools and equipment (such as, protective equipment, communication devices, eating utensils, clothes, shaving products, or towels).
- Implement an organize the procedures of cleaning and disinfecting of animal barns and constantly repeat them.
- Continuous cleaning and disinfection of hardware, equipment, machinery and vehicles on the farm.
- Ensure the veterinarians, who deal directly with animals on the farm and the clinic, maintain the recommended physical distancing.
- Veterinarians must wear cloth masks, gloves, face shields/goggles and protective jackets at all times.
- Limit direct contact between the veterinarian team and farm workers as much as possible.
- Encourage the use of telemedicine in consultations (for non-urgent cases).
- Arrange the start/end times for work shifts, distribute equipment and tools, breaks for lunch and prayer, and times for lectures and safety meeting among workers.
- Use floor stickers to impose and maintain the recommended physical spacing in common areas (e.g. waiting queues, lounges, canteen, etc.).
- Provide adequate personal protective equipment, hand sanitizers, and cleaning tools in common areas (such as, at the entrances, the lunchroom, restrooms, and other areas).
- Require all workers and the food preparation team to apply preventive hygiene practices (such as, frequent hand washing at the start/end of each shift, before eating, and after using shared facilities/equipment)
- Avoid serving food through buffets and assign a team to serve the individuals to avoid frequent touching of food utensils, bowls and water jugs while eating.
- Avoid inappropriate habits while working on the farm (such as, spitting, throwing cigarettes on the ground).
- Constantly disinfect all common areas (such as, canteens, changing rooms, and restrooms) and all common surfaces that are frequently touched.
- Install trash cans and waste bins that work with no touching required and set a schedule for the continuous collection and disposal of waste, especially in animal farms.
- Apply Workers Housing Protocols.
External Service Providers, Warehouse and Logistics Services
Delivery and Reception:
- Designate certain areas for the delivery of shipments and set specific timetables to ensure that congestion and crowding does not occur in the delivery areas.
- Complete disinfection of delivery vehicles before and after the delivery of each and every shipment.
External Service Providers:
- Train officials at checkpoints on the method of test performing and the use of thermometers, and they must be trained on the way to wear masks and other protection tools.
- Any necessary/obligatory meetings with contractors or service providers should be conducted outside in an open space rather than in a closed room.
- It is preferable to allocate separate and external restrooms for drivers of delivery vehicles as much as possible.
- Require drivers of delivery vehicles to wear masks and gloves at all times and to comply with the public transport sector protocols.
The Offices and Workers:
- Apply Office Work Protocols.
Monitoring and Reporting:
- Follow the instructions of the MOH and the relevant authorities regarding Covid-19 before allowing employees to resume work (including those returning from travel).
- Ensure that a temperature check is performed and the competent authorities are informed about any cases whose temperature exceeds [38C], and that the case is isolated until referring it to the health care facility.
- Prepare a list of the employees who work together, their shifts and dates of work.
- Allocate special rooms for isolation in the office, farm, and workers housing in the event that one of the workers is suspected to be infected with Covid-19 and follow the directives of the MOH in dealing with suspected cases.
- If a confirmed case is registered, it is necessary to inform the MOH immediately and refer to the protocols and guidelines of the MOH regarding testing, tracking and isolation of suspected cases.
Awareness and Implementation:
- Assign a protocol manager at the farm, offices, and workers housing to ensure that the established protocols issued by the competent authorities are followed.
- Instruct and guide workers to sanitize their hands before and after using the shared facilities and equipment.
- Conduct mandatory health and safety trainings on Covid-19 for all farmers and workers (Such as, training on how to wear, remove and dispose of personal protective equipment, and proper hygiene practices).
- Use digital channels (e.g. social media) to raise awareness among farmers and workers on the Covid-19 disease, in line with the directives of the MOH.
- Place signs at the entrances of the farms, offices, and workers housing on the latest developments related to Covid-19 and the commitment to maintain health and safety protocols.
Appendix A: Individuals who are at Higher Risk of Infection
The health controls for suspending attendance at workplaces during the Covid-19 pandemic shall be attached to the medical reports of the below Health Conditions:
- Those over the age of 65 years
- Chronic lung disease, or severe asthma:
For those who have been admitted to the hospital at least once in the past six months.
- Chronic heart diseases:
– Heart muscle failure.
– Coronary artery disease with at least having one heart attack during the past year.
- Inherited Immunodeficiency diseases
- Acquired Immunodeficiency:
1. Acquired immunodeficiency disease
2. Use of immunosuppressive drugs.
3. Use of cancer treatment drugs.
- Chronic medical conditions:
4. Uncontrolled diabetes, which necessitated admission to the hospital at least once during the past six months
5. High blood pressure disease, which required admission to the hospital at least once during the past six months
6. Kidney failure (dialysis)